Tree Surgery - Firewood - Tree Planting - Woodland Management - Orchard Planting & Restoration - Stump Removal - Free Quotations & Advice





Tree Services:

Tree Surgery

Tree Stump Removal / Stump Grinding

Tree, Woodland & Hedgerow Planting


Woodland Management


Orchard Planting & Orchard Restoration


Tree Products:

Firewood Logs & Mulch

Mycorrhiza Friendly Fungus Organic & Symbiotic Plant Aid


Contact Us

Our Working Range

Job Opportunities

Tree Information:

The Green Man

Becoming an Arborist

Fungi Identification

Links & Friends

Site Map



Company Qualifications & Experience:  BSc (Hons) (2:1)

Tech Cert (ARBOR.A) – Distinction

 NPTC C&G Ph. II Arboriculture – Distinction

NPTC (National Proficiency Tests Council) certificates CS 30, 31, 36, 38, 39

Qualified First Aid (St John’s Ambulance) in accordance with the HSE (First Aid) Regs. 1981


Professional Arboricultural Insurance:

£5 million Public Liability, & £10 million Employers Liability

Memberships & Affiliation:

National Trust, Woodland Trust

Work in Accordance with:

BS3998: 2010 -  Tree Work

BS5837: 2005 -  Trees in Relation to Construction

NHBC 4.2

NJUG Volume 4


Working with and trained by:






Orchard Planting & Restoration

Planning new Orchards; Planting new Orchards; Restoring and Caring for old Orchard Trees - 'Food for Life'


Orchards have a huge historical, social and practical significance within our landscape, but are sadly a declining feature (around 70% loss since 1950). However, there is an increasing awareness as to the importance of orchards, and realisation that as well as a source of delicious and unusual foods and drinks, orchards are hugely beneficial to a broad spectrum of wildlife, often providing niche habitats for invertebrates, fungi and birds that are increasingly threatened. Orchards provide a living link to our ancestors tastes and culture, and are a bastion of rare varieties of near-forgotten fruit. Recently, commercial landowners, private landowners and communities, often backed by Government funding where available, have begun to reinstate new orchards and protect and sensitively manage existing ones.


Green Man Conservation are skilled in all aspects of orchard planning, planting, and management. From your enquiry Green Man Conservation offer a no obligation site survey to assess the site, and in discussion to appreciate your desired orchard creation outcomes then consider the soil type, texture, wetness, climate and surrounding woodland species to compile a quotation comprising the proposed density of trees, their species, and any further protection from deer or rabbits that may be required, along with staking and weed control options to suit you and the new orchard site. Please click on a link below for further details:


Planning a New Orchard

The importance of proper planning prior to planting:

  • Soil Type and Topography: A soil PH level of 5.5-7.0 is required, with 6.0 to 6.5 being ideal for for apples, pears and plums, and 6.5 to 6.7 for cherries. A deep, well-drained, fertile soil with high organic content is better for most varieties, and so if the soil environment is not suitable, topsoil may have to be imported in order to provide a better rooting environment perhaps with high trace elements (such as Phosphorous, Magnesium, Potassium). Compaction should be alleviated where possible prior to planting and as always weed control should be a priority during establishment

  • Pollination Groups: Without pollination, fruit will not form, and although some trees are self-fertile, cross-pollination with other groups will provide a better crop. Other trees will require a pollinator, and different varieties are grouped according to their pollination and should be planted with the same or adjacent flowering periods. Triploids are self-sterile and will require pollination from a different variety of apple to set fruit. Careful planning is required to ensure successful pollination and good fruiting

  • Fruit and Variety Selection: There is a wide choice of fruit available, and deciding the mix of eating apples to desert apples, the number of pears, gauges, damsons and cherries etc, is a largely personal choice, or one driven by desired outcomes, i.e. a particular sweetness of fruit for a unique purpose. It may be that the site lends itself only to certain varieties due to the suitability of the scale, soil, aspect etc, or that the purpose is to plant an orchard ensuring succession for the rarest varieties as a strategically planted reserve

  • Fruiting Season: It may be important to consider as long a fruiting season as possible to ensure a spread of fruit rather than a glut a one time of year, or perhaps to ensure a narrow harvesting time, for example for the production of cider

  • Rootstocks: All fruit varieties are grafted onto rootstocks, and the selection of appropriate rootstocks is vital for a successful and strong plant

  • Selection of Specimens: Selection and purchasing of a suitable specimen is equally important, and our carefully chosen suppliers work in accordance with BS3936 - Nursery Stock. We have full confidence in our suppliers and the health of the specimens they supply

Above: Plans showing situation of orchard and individual trees within a wider new native

woodland conservation project setting


Back to Top of Page


Planting a New Orchard


By planning planting schemes diligently, taking into account topography, soil type and PH, locally native successful plants, water levels, drought liability, choosing our suppliers carefully on quality not price, provision of adequate predation control costed in at the planning stage, correct in-season planting, care when handling and transporting plants, using vigilant knowledgeable planting teams who care and take pride in projects, and by correct advice and after-planting management and care, we achieve high success rates and quickly establishing healthy trees, orchards, hedgerows and woodlands



Planting of Tree: We have an up-to-date knowledge of The Plant Health Act 1967 and the Orders relating to that Act, BS4043 - Transplanting Rootballed Trees and BS4428 - Code of Practice for General Landscaping Operations


The planting method will depend on the size and type of selected specimen and the method it has been grown and lifted, and the rooting structure. The planting pit is prepared to the correct depth and size and vitally the tree handled in the correct way to ensure no damage occurs to any part, an anchoring system will be fitted if required and weed control plus untreated organic mulch applied in the correct way and to the correct spread and depth around the newly planted tree


Aftercare: Correct aftercare procedure is absolutely vital for newly planted trees. It is sadly too often we see the good intent and investment of new planting wasted and we regularly pass trees which have had little or no aftercare, and are suffering from drought, or being strangled by unadjusted tree ties, or suffering nutrient deficiency, or being destroyed by predation, or simply showing haphazard growth having had no formative pruning. All of this is avoidable if a clear and honest assessment is made at the planning stage and correct aftercare procedure is applied. In the first two to three seasons in a new location maintaining vigour and good health is key to the future success of the planting, and periodic care up to 10 years dependant upon the tree's response


However carefully the planting is done, this period can be the most stressful time in a tree's life. It is in these years where the roots will need to anchor into the new soil environment to provide mechanical stability, at the same time as seeking out the water and minerals required to catalyse growth, and forming beneficial relationships with Mycorrhizal fungi and forming defences against new pests, diseases and pathogens. The buds will burst and leaves emerge into a new environment with more light or more shade, more heat or potentially much cooler, exposure to stronger winds that the woody structure has perhaps not adapted to in a nursery environment, and water may only come when it rains rather than drip-fed constantly from a leaky hose. It is akin to us being plucked from a 5 star hotel in the dead of night and then waking up in a sleeping bag on top of the Yorkshire Moors, except the tree cannot move. They need a little help!




Restoring and Management of Old Orchards


Under Construction...




Back to Top of Page


Please see Green Man Conservation Hertfordshire & Essex working range for clarification of our working area, or see below by village town and postcode for Herts and Essex Tree Surgery, Logs, Tree Planting and Woodland Creation services:


Green Man Conservation Tree Surgeons Tree Surgery Herts & Essex, Green Man Tree Surgeons Herts, Mycorrhiza inoculation, Firewood Logs and Organic Mulch, Hedge Planting, Tree Planting, Woodland Planting working range by Hertfordshire and Essex town and village;


Albury, Allen's Green, Amwell, Anstey, Ardeley, Arkesden, Aspenden, Audley End, Baldock, Barkway, Barley, Barwick, Benington, Berden, Birchanger, Bishop's Stortford, Bishops Stortford, Braughing, Brent Pelham, Broxted, Buckland, Buntingford, Chapmore End, Cherry Green, Chipping, Chrishall, Church Langley, Clavering, Clothall, Cole Green, Colliers End, Cottered, Cromer, Dane End, Dassels, Debden, Debden Green, Duddenhoe End, Essendon, Farnham, Farnham Green, Felsted, Ford End, Furneux Pelham, Good Easter, Graveley, Great Amwell, Great Chishall, Great Dunmow, Great Hallingbury, Great Hormead, Great Munden, Green Tye, Hare Street, Harlow, Hatfield, Hatfield Broad Oak, Haultwick, Hay Street, Hertford, High Cross, High Easter, High Ongar, High Wych, Hitchin, Knebworth, Kimpton, Langley, Letchworth, Levens Green, Litlington, Littlebury, Littlebury Green, Little Dunmow, Little Hadham, Little Hallingbury, Little Hormead, Manuden, Matching Green, Meesden, Melbourn, Much Hadham, Nasty, Newport, Nuthampstead, Patmore Heath, Perry Green, Puckeridge, Quendon, Reed, Reed End, Rickling, Rickling Green, Royston, Saffron Walden, Sandon, Starling's Green, Stickling Green, Sawbridgeworth, Stebbing, Stevenage, Spellbrook, Standon, Stansted Abbotts, Stansted Mountfitchet, Stocking Pelham, Takeley, Thaxted, Therfield, Thorley, Throcking, Thundrige, Tye Green, Ugley, Ugley Green, Upper Green, Wadesmill, Walkern, Ware, Wareside, Watton at Stone, Wellpond Green, Welwyn Garden City, Wendens Ambo, Westmill, Weston, Wicken Bonhunt, Willian, Wimbish, Wyddial


Green Man Conservation National Tree Planting, Woodland Planting, Woodland Creation, Hedgerow Planting, Hedge Planting nationwide, by county;


Greater London, Greater Manchester, Merseyside, South Yorkshire, Tyne and Wear, West Midlands, West Yorkshire, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Cheshire, Cornwall, Isles of Scilly, Cumbria, Derbyshire, Devon, Dorset, Durham, East Sussex, Essex, Gloucestershire, Hampshire, Hertfordshire, Kent, Lancashire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Norfolk, Northamptonshire, Northumberland, North Yorkshire, Nottinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Shropshire, Somerset, Staffordshire, Suffolk, Surrey, Warwickshire, West Sussex, Wiltshire, Worcestershire, Clwyd, Dyfed, Gwent, Gwynedd, Mid Glamorgan, Powys, South Glamorgan, West Glamorgan




First cherry blossom in year 1 of a newly planted Orchard on the Herts / Essex border


Trees planted on imported topsoil mounds to provide an improved rooting environment, and individually protected and staked


Commercial Orchard planting on a large scale with smaller trees












Hit Counter