Tree Surgery East Herts, North West Essex & South Cambridge
Professional Tree Surgery operated from our base in Buntingford, and centred around Bishops Stortford, Ware, Hertford, Royston, Stevenage, Baldock, Letchworth, Saffron Walden and working through most of Hertfordshire, North West Essex and South Cambridgeshire for both small domestic and large commercial clients; Please see our current Working Area for clarification, or Contact Us to arrange a no obligation quote
Green Man offer free quotations for all our tree surgery work, and free advice on the law and best practice for both the client and the trees in our care. We are fully insured with £5 Million Public Liability cover and £10 Million Employers Liability cover
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Tree Surgery - Large Trees Sectional Removal
Tree Surgery Herts - Above Left; This veteran Oak was suffering from crown necrosis and Ganoderma fungal infection. At 350-400 years old, and measuring 22 feet around the base, there was an estimated 7.5 tons of timber that over time would collapse, posing a significant risk to the property owners. Making the tree safe whilst retaining a monolith for wildlife was the aim of this tree surgery work - Above Centre; Sectional removal of the tree was still possible despite the die back in the crown, as one side of the tree had retained life and was able to be used as an anchor point to gain a safe working position. Above Right; 3.5 tons of cord wood was removed from the crown of this Oak Tree and the operation took 2 days Below Right; The Last 6-8 feet were removed with a 4 foot chainsaw bar and winched over safely, this lump alone weighed over 3 tons. Experience and careful planning are vital when working trees of this size Below Right; The finished tree standing as a monument and important habitat, it will be decades before any further threat will be caused - Herts Tree Surgeons
Emergency Tree Surgery - difficult and dangerous tree work
Emergency Tree Surgeons Herts and Essex - Top Left; This Ash Tree was brought down by a combination of blizzard conditions and previous damage to the root plate by a neighbouring garage build, plus recent exposure to wind by the removal of trees next door. The tree landed on an old Mulberry and the roof of the house. Very fortunately, the Mulberry stood the impact and bore most of the weight of the tree. Swift and safe removal of the tree is now a priority as further movement would cause more damage - Top Right; After roping off the tree to minimise likely further movement, careful removal of all limbs and cord wood that are free moving is undertaken, while concentrating hard on any compression or tension that may unsettle the tree further, or weight distribution that may unsettle the crown Centre Left; Removing the bulk of the weight from the tree without unsettling the remaining trunk is a challenge, and requires careful planning particularly in bad conditions and with light fading Centre Right; The Mulberry still stands and the fallen Ash has been removed safely with no further damage or threat to the property Below ; The clients were very lucky, and damage to the roof is minimal with only one branch penetrating the roof. Emergency Tree Surgery Herts
Tree Surgery - Use of specialist access equipment for dead standing and dangerous trees
Green Man Conservation Tree Surgery Herts - Above Left; A Lime Tree (Tilia x europaea) with extensive rot at the base caused by Armillaria Mellea Above Right; Balanced removal of limbs from around the tree ensured mechanical stability was not compromised Below Left; A carefully planned route through the crown is required, and cuts made so as not to shock the tree which could result in failure Below Right; The last 5 metres or so of this tree had hardly any sound wood - the presence of trees around it formed protection from the wind - if it were standing alone it would have failed before this stage
Green Man Conservation Tree Surgery Herts - Above Left; Use of a MEWP (Mobile Elevated Work Platform) to Sectionally Remove a Dangerous Dead Standing Ash Coppice From Over A House - Above Right; Dead Standing Ash Too Dangerous To Climb - Green Man Conservation Tree Surgeons Essex Below Left; The Most Dangerous Part Of The Tree Removed. Green Man Tree Surgeons Hertfordshire - Below Right; Removal Of The Last Few Stems - Surprisingly, This Coppice Stool May Spring Back To Life, So We Give It Every Chance By Finishing With Neat Coppice Cuts
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Tree Surgeons - Crown thinning and species specific work
Herts Tree Surgeons - Above Left; Some trees like Walnuts need very careful pruning to prevent introduction of disease and rot. A mature specimen before surgery - Above Centre; Species often require pruning at specific times of the year, this Walnut in Barley is being worked in August to allow healing time while seasonal airborne pests and diseases are relatively infrequent Above Right; The tree has retained all dignity, whilst letting light through to the garden and house and being thinned and reduced by approx 30% - Green Man Conservation Tree Surgery Herts and Essex
Herts Tree Surgeons - Above Left; This large willow had previously been heavily and inappropriately pruned, (known as a peg-monster), resulting in huge amounts of shock re-growth and therefore weak unions and lots of dead and dying material in the crown Above Right; The tree has retained a dignified structure; all dead, dying, weaker and rubbing branches have been removed and the sensitive work will prevent the tree from panicking in response to pruning. We have become highly proficient at rescuing trees from an embarrassing and tortured existence due to prior insensitive management
Tree Surgery - Aerial inspections and making safe trees in high amenity settings
Green Man Conservation Tree Surgeons Hertfordshire - Above Left; This Ancient Sprawling Ash Was Due To Be Removed As It Was Potentially Hazardous Tree Within A Hertfordshire School Grounds, The Entire Crown Was Dying Back Causing Extreme Hazard In Such A High Amenity Area - Above Right; 8 Hours Later - No Deadwood Over The Size Of A Pencil Remains In The Tree, And The Ash Retains Its Maturity And Dignity - Green Man Conservation Specialist Tree Surgery Herts and Essex
Tree Surgery is necessary due to our close daily proximity to trees and the risks and infringements they subsequently impose upon us. Consequently there is a balance between their care and conservation in an amenity setting, and often judgment to remove and re-plant if they are inappropriate or pose a threat. Tree Surgery is the physical manifestation of the need to maintain trees in our environment for our benefit, and thorough knowledge is required of individual species and their habits, diseases and pests that influence viability and environmental issues that may impinge on the tree’s health.
In all circumstances the advice we give is based on a balanced holistic interpretation of the aims of the tree owner, the basic fundamental needs of the tree itself, health and safety, aesthetics and the impact upon the setting and the wider environment.
Tree Surgery is in many ways divergent from our aims with woodland planting and woodland management, where the tree is ruler of its own environment, and their natural forms, habits and historical management dovetail the needs of our natural environment.
Trees have a significant place in our environment, with amenity and aesthetic value through history as well as their uses for food, furniture and fuel and our spiritual attachment to them. Determining the type of work that is needed is a skill, and decisions on the type of work applied to them should not be taken lightly. In essence this is the difference between Arboriculture and Tree Surgery - an arboriculturalist will take an informed and holistic view, considering many factors such as species, position, disease, structure or form, historical use and value, and soil type to determine the type and extent of work appropriate to the tree. In most cases this should be the minimum amount of work deemed appropriate for the well being of the tree, the exception to this is when the tree poses a threat to safety in which case when the minimum amount of work to make safe would result in the trees' demise, removal is the last resort.
Tree Surgery - Introducing management to mature trees
Green Man Conservation Tree Surgeons - Above Left; A large veteran overstood coppice Tree in Barkway with decay leaning over a neighbouring property - Above Right; A few hours later the tree is made safe yet retained as a future pollard - after epicormic re-growth in a few years the tree can be reduced further to ensure its continued survival and safety. Green Man Conservation Tree Surgery in Herts
Sensitive tree management and conservation tree surgery
Green Man Conservation Tree Surgeons - Above Left; A sensitive and holistic approach to tree management dictates all our tree surgery operations at Green Man Conservation. Experienced, qualified and above all passionate about tree care - Above Right; A sensitive crown reduction tree surgery in Buntingford to allow more light to penetrate garden without compromising the dignity of this mature ash. All those involved in Green Man Conservation, its cooperatives and suppliers share an uncommon passion for tree care - Below; A wind-blown veteran willow in Ware is prepared for transportation to woodland copse as invertebrate and fungal habitat
Green Man Conservation is proficient in all facets of domestic and commercial tree management and garden maintenance including:
· Sectional felling of hazardous or inappropriately positioned mature trees
· Crown-lifting and reduction operations
· Removal of crossing and rubbing branches
· Removal of limbs that interfere with wires, buildings, gutters, windows, etc
· Removal of dead, dying or diseased limbs
· Creating a more wind resistant structure
· Thinning to increase light and air aesthetic
· Removal of storm damaged or hung up limbs
· Formative pruning of fruiting species to maximize cropping
· Recommendations on species selection and re-planting
· Wildlife habitat creation
· Installation, surveying and maintenance of bird, bat, owl and invertebrate
· Hedge-trimming and small garden tree maintenance
Tree Surgery Techniques, Garden Tree Work
Green Man Conservation Tree Surgeons in Herts - Above Left; Before; Mature Ash (Fraxinus excelsior) requiring a sensitive 30% reduction in Royston to improve light, air, overall garden aesthetic and safety for adjacent children’s play area- Above Centre; During; where possible, the use of hand tools in the shortening of boughs allows for cleaner, more controlled cutting, minimising the impact to the reduced tree - Above Right; After; the boughs of the reduced tree are shortened to growth points to continue the drawing of sap to the tips of the worked limb, ensuring re-growth and the sustaining of the branch. Green Man Conservation Tree Surgery, Tree Surgeons in Herts & Essex
Hedge Pruning and Reduction
Green Man Conservation Hedge Trimming - Above Left; Careful trimming of a mature Yew (Taxus baccata) hedge in a manor house setting in Saffron Walden - Above Centre; Facing and topping hedges should be done regularly to maintain a good shape - Above Right; The finished hedge ready for birds to find homes to nest and fledge. Green Man Conservation Tree Surgery, Tree Surgeons in Herts & Essex
Green Man Conservation Hedge Pruning Herts - Above Left; A Large Cypress Hedge Is Reduced And Faced By Our Tree Surgery Team in Bishops Stortford - Above Right; The Finished Hedge Reduced By Circa 5 Feet And Faced By Our Team Of Qualified Tree Surgeons - Green Man Conservation Tree Surgery, Tree Surgeons in Herts & Essex
The Tree Surgery industry is very coy when it comes to publishing information on pricing, and as far as we are aware this is the only guide to pricing on the internet. To find out any examples you will have to search through many blogs or ask friends or neighbours who have had work done in order to gain any insight into what you might expect to pay to have any work carried out on your trees.
To be fair to the tree surgery industry, there are five very good reasons for this:
Costs involved in Regulatory Factors:
Costs involved in Situational Factors:
Equipment and Staff Factors:
So How Much will it Cost???
As the far from exhaustive detail and variant factors above indicate, it is impossible to apply a price to a days work without careful consideration of all of the above factors. On a job by job basis, it is vital to see the tree in situ and consider carefully the best approach to the work (another cost!) in order to provide an honest and fair price to both the arborist and the client.
The industry average for a three man work group is required to earn around £550 per day to cover costs and turn a small profit. As a rough ballpark figure, an average day would be between £350 and £600. However if small jobs that will only take an hour or two demand a smaller price, a busy arborist will undertake this work by combining it with other work in the area, so it is always worth asking friends and neighbours as this will undoubtedly help the price of your tree work. In this case anywhere from £15 upwards could cover your work, so don't be put off by this too much! When considering difficult and dangerous work, the sky really is the limit dependant on the equipment needed and the approach required. Removing mature diseased trees in difficult to access locations could easily run in to thousands, if not tens of thousands.
Tree Surgery - Specialist Conservation Arborist Techniques
Working with conservation organisations and at the forefront of modern arboriculture are new techniques of pruning designed to mimic natural occurrences and yet increasing the longevity of the trees and enhancing their value to wildlife.
Chainsaw pruning cuts result in a flat surface not found in nature, usually as close to the main limb or trunk as possible to provide a neat finish. Most species struggle to repair these cuts fully, (over 4 inches in diameter), and such finish cuts often lead to rot being introduced to the main structure of the tree, resulting in early failure. Experiments within conservation organisations such as The National Trust (examples of this work can be seen locally at Hatfield Forest near Stansted Airport) have lead to developments in natural fracture pruning, retrenchment pruning and coronet pruning techniques.
The purpose of such pruning is two-fold. Firstly the form of the cuts after pruning is more natural, replicating natural occurrences such as storm damage or crown die-back, especially important in historical sites where tree surgery must be conducted but the results should not be obvious within the setting. Secondly the type of wound created by limbs snapping out is much more different to a chainsaw cut - the wound generally occurs some way along a limb, allowing rot or disease more time and space before it affects the tree structurally, also the wound has far more surface area and creates fibre separation and tearing in many different directions, all of which combines to provide a habitat for dependant species. In short if this is the type of damage that has happened to the trees for millennia, the chances are that they have learnt to deal with them far better than modern pruning cuts, plus new research indicates an interdependence between the life of the tree and the life within the tree - a symbiosis where nature knows best.
Deadwood has been, (and still for the most part is), treated by forestry and tree surgery as an evil which must be removed, to prevent the spread of disease into healthy trees. Apart from the obvious result of nutrient release back into the soil through deadwood presence after fungal breakdown, deadwood provides the base environment for many fungal and invertebrate species upon which other larger predators rely, such as woodpeckers, tawny owls, bats, willow tits, nuthatches, who survive on deadwood insect larvae and adult insects, or who nest or roost in the cavities created by deadwood. In turn these creatures disperse tree seed ensuring continued survival and interdependence within their natural environment. Treating anything in isolation as a pest and attempting to eradicate is dangerous and in most cases a huge waste of energy and resource.
Retrenchment Pruning is a technique named by Paul Muir of Treework Environmental Practice, and is a technique designed to increase the longevity of veteran trees, particularly overstood pollards, (trees which were historically managed as pollards but have not been for some time). The technique involves a replication of the natural dieback in trees - a safer and more controllable form of 'self-pollarding' that many mature trees undergo. If these overstood pollards were to simply be re-pollarded, the resultant shock and large wounds would certainly lead to demise, either very quickly or over 2-5 years. Retrenchment pruning involves reducing the crown slowly over several visits, allowing re-growth to occur in between mimicking natural die-back. This is a skilled technique, sometimes requiring a less than 10% reduction on the first visit to a veteran tree, but the long term result is a tree that is more stable and far less likely to suffer from fatal storm damage.
Reviews of Green Man Conservation Tree Surgery Work
Most disagreements regarding the ownership and management of trees are best (and more cost effectively) resolved through old fashioned discussion and agreement, and if necessary mediation from someone with expert knowledge within the industry. A qualified tree surgeon should be able to advise on the law and help mediate disputes using this knowledge and a working knowledge of the practical and biological implications to the tree itself.
If, however, disputes cannot be resolved through mediation, a knowledge of the law is useful as is the process by which it is upheld. there are two types of law in the UK, Common Law and Statute Law - common law is otherwise known as the 'Law of Precedent', which changes over time and is based on judges decisions. Cases are heard in a Civil or County Court. Statute Laws, or 'Law of the Sovereign Power' are determined by Acts of Parliament and Regulations - UK Legislation (Acts), Regulations and EU Regulations all come under Statute Law. Lesser offences are heard in a Magistrates Court, and serious offences heard in a Crown Court, where a Judge and Jury preside over the case.
Common Law related to Arboriculture:
There are certain 'givens' that relate to trees, ownership and management that common law dictates. Over time these have formed useful handles on which to resolve issues without the need for legal action - some relate to a time when the value of trees by most was perceived very differently, encompassing the physical value of the timber or fruit for example, and in today's world where the shift in value is more toward amenity and privacy, some may seem a little dated. They are however, very useful guidelines and very commonly used to resolve minor disputes. A summary of these below:
Damage or Prediction of Damage from a tree:
Law of Joint and Several Damages:
Statute Law related to Arboriculture:
Acts of Parliament or European Legislation often become relevant where common law is not sufficient, or where areas require individual legal clarification and protection. In relation to trees and associated activities, click the following areas to read relevant Statute Laws relating to them:
Access to Neighbouring Lands Act 1992
Occupiers Liability Acts 1957 and 1984
Highways Act 1980, and as amended 1986
The Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1976
Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 (CROW)
Anti Social Behaviour Act 2003 (Trees with ASBO's)
The Plant Health Act 1967
There is an awful lot of legislation relating to wildlife in the UK, the following is that which is most likely to be encountered in relation to trees:
Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (as amended)
The Wildlife and Countryside Act is the principle piece of legislation in the UK relating to the protection of wild birds, mammals and plants. In relation to arboriculture, an knowledge of this Act is vital, and an awareness of the legal implications of operating tree work in the presence of wild birds or animals in terms of disturbance. Generally, bird nesting season is the most sensitive time for tree related operations, but equally the presence of bats and other wild animals must be considered all year round
Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 (CROW)
Protection of Badgers Act 1992
The Hedgerow Regulations 1997 (From the Environment Act 1995)
The Conservation (Natural Habitats etc) Regulations 1994
The Conservation (Natural Habitats etc) (Amendment) Regulations 2007
The Conservation (Natural Habitats etc) (Amendment) (England and Wales) Regulations 2009
The Conservation of Habitat and Species Regulations 2010
Red Data Books
The Birds Directive 1979
Well, despite the well-oiled phrase, a right to light has to be acquired over 20 or more years before it can be enforced. On the plus side, there are various elements of the law designed to tackle this:
The Prescriptions Act 1832
Anti Social Behaviour Act 2003
Should there be a viable need to remove a tree or multiple trees, it may be necessary to gain permission for doing so. Although under common law the owner of the land 'owns' the tree, that does not mean the trees 'owner' can do what they like to the trees without due consideration to the consequences, in the same way that an extension cannot be built without planning permission. It may be for example, that the tree is part of an historical boundary or archaeological feature, or has value in the interests of amenity as part of the local landscape, or of course has significant wildlife value, or it may be a rare or fine example of a particular species, or may have historical interest in terms of when and by whom it was planted. It can be a very quick decision to condemn a tree, but once it is gone the character of a place is dramatically (and usually detrimentally) changed, and like-for-like replacement is a very long waiting game. Therefore and thankfully we have an element of control in terms of what we can and can't do with our trees:
The Forestry Act 1967
If you are lucky enough to own some large trees or woodland, you may need a felling licence form the Forestry Commission in order to carry out any thinning, felling or coppicing. Felling Licences are not required under the following circumstances:
Tree Preservation Orders and Conservation Areas - Town and Country Planning Act 1990 / Town and Country Planning (Trees) Regulations 1999 / Amendments 2008 & 2009
A Conservation Area is an area designated by the Local Authority or in some cases English Heritage in London as an area of special archaeological or historical interest; "the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance" [Planning (Listed Building and Conservation Areas) Act 1990]. There are more than 8000 across the UK, and trees are an important part of the unique character and virtue of these areas, inextricably entwined with the historical value and sense of place.
Tree Preservation Orders or TPO's are designed to protect individual trees, groups of trees, areas or woodlands and are separate to Conservation Area status. A tree within a conservation area may also have a TPO served upon it.
Tree Preservation Orders:
Town and Country Planning (Environmental Impact Assessment) (England and Wales) Regulations 1999
Green Man Conservation Tree Surgery Tree Surgeons Herts Hertfordshire and Essex, Mycorrhiza inoculation, Firewood Logs and Organic Mulch, Tree Planting, Woodland Planting, Hedge Planting working range by town and village that we work most regularly
Albury, Allen's Green, Amwell, Anstey, Ardeley, Arkesden, Aspenden, Audley End, Baldock, Barkway, Barley, Barwick, Benington, Berden, Birchanger, Bishop's Stortford, Braughing, Brent Pelham, Broxted, Buckland, Buntingford, Chapmore End, Cherry Green, Chipping, Chrishall, Church Langley, Clavering, Clothall, Cole Green, Colliers End, Cottered, Cromer, Dane End, Dassels, Debden, Debden Green, Duddenhoe End, Essendon, Farnham, Farnham Green, Felsted, Ford End, Furneux Pelham, Good Easter, Graveley, Great Amwell, Great Chishall, Great Dunmow, Great Hallingbury, Great Hormead, Great Munden, Green Tye, Hare Street, Harlow, Hatfield, Hatfield Broad Oak, Haultwick, Hay Street, Hertford, High Cross, High Easter, High Ongar, High Wych, Hitchin, Knebworth, Kimpton, Langley, Letchworth, Levens Green, Litlington, Littlebury, Littlebury Green, Little Dunmow, Little Hadham, Little Hallingbury, Little Hormead, Manuden, Matching Green, Meesden, Melbourn, Much Hadham, Nasty, Newport, Nuthampstead, Patmore Heath, Perry Green, Puckeridge, Quendon, Reed, Reed End, Rickling, Rickling Green, Royston, Saffron Walden, Sandon, Starling's Green, Stickling Green, Sawbridgeworth, Stebbing, Stevenage, Spellbrook, Standon, Stansted Abbotts, Stansted Mountfitchet, Stocking Pelham, Takeley, Thaxted, Therfield, Thorley, Throcking, Thundrige, Tye Green, Ugley, Ugley Green, Upper Green, Wadesmill, Walkern, Ware, Wareside, Watton at Stone, Wellpond Green, Welwyn Garden City, Wendens Ambo, Westmill, Weston, Wicken Bonhunt, Willian, Wimbish, Wyddial
Green Man Conservation Herts & Essex Tree Surgery, Green Man Conservation Tree Surgeons, Mycorrhiza inoculation, Firewood Logs and Organic Mulch working range by post code
Harlow CM17, CM18, CM19, CM20, Sawbridgeworth CM21, Cambridge, Bishop's Stortford CM22, CM23, Stansted CM24 , Welwyn AL6, Welwyn Garden City AL7, AL8, Hatfield AL9, AL10, Stevenage, SG1, SG2, Knebworth SG3, Hitchin SG4, SG5, Letchworth SG6, Baldock SG7, Royston SG8, Buntingford SG9, Much Hadham SG10, Ware SG11, SG12, Hertford SG13, SG14, Arlesey SG15, Henlow SG16, Shefford SG17, Biggleswade SG18, Sandy SG19, Broxbourne EN10, Hoddesdon EN11
Tree Surgery operated from Buntingford, and centred around Ware, Hertford, Bishops Stortford, Royston, Stevenage, Baldock, Letchworth, Saffron Walden, Hoddesdon, Harlow, Sawbridgeworth, Welwyn Garden City, Melbourn, Duxford and working through most of Hertfordshire North Essex, and Cambridge for both small domestic and large commercial clients; Please see our current Working Area for clarification